Profile: Jiang Zemin's great, glorious life
Jiang Zemin was an outstanding leader enjoying high prestige acknowledged by the whole Communist Party of China (CPC), the entire military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups. He was a great Marxist and a great proletarian revolutionary, statesman, military strategist and diplomat. He was a long-tested communist fighter and an outstanding leader of the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. He was the core of the third generation of the Party's central collective leadership and the principal founder of the Theory of Three Represents. Jiang's life was a glorious and fighting one. During his revolutionary career of more than 70 years, he remained unswervingly firm in communist ideals, utterly loyal to the Party and the people, and resolutely committed to the cause of the Party and the people. After the fourth plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, faced with the complexity of the domestic and international situations and the grave challenges posed by the serious twists and turns world socialism had experienced, Jiang led the Party's central collective leadership – firmly relying on the whole Party, the entire military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups – in safeguarding the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and successfully advancing the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century. He made indelible achievements and won the heartfelt love of the whole Party, the entire military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, as well as the wide acclaim of the international community.
On August 17, 1926, Jiang was born into a patriotic intellectual family in Yangzhou, east China's Jiangsu Province. He was enlightened by patriotism and the ideas of the democratic revolution in his childhood. He was also deeply influenced by fine traditional Chinese culture. In 1943, Jiang was admitted to the Electrical Machinery Department of the then Nanjing-based Central University, where he actively participated in patriotic anti-Japanese movements of progressive students. After China won the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, Jiang continued his education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. In April 1946, he joined the CPC and became a communist fighter. After graduating from the university in 1947, Jiang worked at a food factory in Shanghai. During this period, he engaged in revolutionary publicity-related work among workers and young professionals at night schools under youth associations. Shortly after the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Jiang served successively as first deputy director of Shanghai Yimin Food No. 1 Factory, first deputy director of Shanghai Soap Factory, and chief of the electrical machinery section of Shanghai No. 2 Design Division of the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry. To boost efforts to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea, Jiang organized the production of canned food specially provided for the Chinese People's Volunteers. He also oversaw the design of the first homegrown turbo-generator in New China. In September 1954, Jiang was transferred to Changchun to participate in the construction of First Automotive Works. In April 1955, he went to the Stalin Automobile Works in Moscow for an internship. He returned to China in May 1956 and continued his work at the First Automotive Works, serving as deputy chief of the dynamic mechanics division, deputy chief engineer for dynamic mechanics, and director of the power factory. In 1962, he worked as deputy director of the Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute under the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry, in charge of the organization's research work. In May 1966, he worked as director and acting Party secretary of the Wuhan Heat-Power Machinery Institute, where he became the Party secretary in September and organized the design of atomic power generation equipment. In late 1970, he started to work in the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry. In 1971, he headed the ministry's expert team to Romania, where he oversaw the construction of 11 China-aided factories. After returning to China in 1973, he served as deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry and later became the bureau's director. In 1980, Jiang began to serve as vice-chairman and concurrently secretary-general of the State Administration Commission on Import and Export Affairs and the State Administration Commission on Foreign Investment and a member of the Leading Party Members Groups of the two commissions. He was involved in the formulation of policies on expanding foreign trade, introducing advanced foreign technologies and equipment, and absorbing and utilizing foreign capital. He also oversaw the implementation of special policies and flexible measures in Guangdong and Fujian provinces and participated in the establishment of special economic zones. In May 1982, he was appointed first vice-minister and deputy secretary of the Leading Party Members Group of the Ministry of Electronics Industry, and then minister and secretary of the Leading Party Members Group of the ministry in 1983. He led the restructuring and technological transformation of the electronics industry, and pushed ahead the R&D and production of key projects concerning integrated circuits, computers, communications, and system engineering. In September 1982, Jiang was elected member of the CPC Central Committee at the 12th CPC National Congress. In 1985, he began to serve as mayor of Shanghai and deputy secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the CPC. In 1987, he was appointed secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the CPC. Jiang focused on the central task of economic development and made every effort to promote the reform, development and stability of Shanghai. He put forward the goal of building Shanghai into a socialist modern city that is open, multifunctional, industrially well-structured, scientifically and technologically advanced, and culturally advanced by the end of the 20th century. In November 1987, Jiang was elected member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee. In June 1989, Jiang was elected member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and general secretary of the CPC Central Committee at the fourth plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee. In November 1989, the fifth plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee decided on Jiang serving as chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) of the CPC. In March 1990, Jiang was elected chairman of the CMC of the PRC at the third session of the 7th National People's Congress.
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