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China’s First Effort to Regulate Generative AI Measures

Shortly after the draft Measures for Generative Artificial Intelligence Services came out, the Cybersecurity Administration of China (CAC) and six other agencies worked together to release the official Interim Administrative Measures for Generative Artificial Intelligence Services (), also called the "Generative AI Measures," on July 13, 2023. On August 15, 2023, these rules are set to go into force.

The Generative AI Measures are China's first complete AI regulation. They cover a wide range of topics related to the development and use of generative AI services. These rules will have an effect on China's exports of technology and on AI study networks around the world. China is seen as a leader in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) laws because it is the first country to put these rules into place.

The Generative AI Measures put a lot of focus on developing and using AI. This shows how committed and supportive China is of the development of this technology. China wants to encourage creativity and the responsible use of AI in many fields by making sure that operations are safe and easy.

China was the first country to make laws about AI, and it sees technology as a key way to grow its economic and national power. The country's New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan from 2017 is one of the first plans to set a high-level goal of leading the world in AI by 2030. This has led to a huge increase in AI-related business activity and policy support.

The Administrative Provisions on Recommendation Algorithms in Internet-based Information Services (2021) and the Deep Synthesis Provisions (2022) will have a big effect on algorithms and AI. Even though these efforts showed how much control the government has over the tech industry, they also addressed the social, ethical, and economic effects that AI has on society. For example, they promoted anti-competitive business practises, fixed excessive price discrimination, and made sure platform delivery workers were safe.

But regulating recommendation algorithms and deep synthesis may not be the best way to deal with new problems that come up because of the information generated by big language models or the fact that AI tech is becoming more flexible. This gap could mean that some AI services don't have enough control, which could lead to unintended results.

Because generative AI technologies are always changing, the Generative AI Measures are needed to address these worries and find a balance between control and compliance. This is the best way to encourage responsible AI creation and innovation at the same time.

China's Generative AI Measures focus on specific uses or forms of a technology, which is different from the European Union's AI Act, which tries to cover all uses of a given technology. China's unique way of governing AI is also based on specific algorithms. This is clear from how they talk about policy and how they chose to make algorithms the basic unit for openness and disclosure through the algorithm registry. For example, companies may need to file more than one time for the same app, with each filing addressing a different algorithm used for personalised suggestions, content filtering, and other tasks.

Even though these rules put some restrictions on how businesses can act, they all have a positive tone that helps the AI industry grow. Companies in the field should also see China as one of the first countries to regulate AI, instead of thinking that the rules are too strict. Based on talks he had in China a few weeks ago, Elon Musk recently said that China is interested in working together on an international framework for AI regulation. The final Measures give organisations, businesses, and academic institutions more freedom to do study and come up with new ideas in the field of AI technology. This expansion gives enterprise-facing apps more options as well.

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